Tuesday, October 25, 2011

Making a Cheese Press and Mold - Homemade Goat's Milk Ricotta Salata

I discovered ricotta salata through desperation.  I don't have access to cultures needed to make cheese.  I did some research, and found that I could simply press ricotta into a cheese mold to produce a semi-hard cheese.

What is Ricotta Salata?
Ricotta salata is an Italian cheese made from sheep's milk.  In its beginning stages, it's just ricotta.  The difference is that it's then pressed, salted, dried, and aged.  It's hard enough so that you can slice, grate, or shave it.  It tastes salty and milky, and like Parmigiano Reggiano, it's a punchy little cheese that can go on top/into an endless number of dishes.

What Do I Need to Make Ricotta Salata?
The list is quite simple.  You're just making ricotta, and then from there you'll need a cheese mold, something heavy, and time.  I outline how to make ricotta in a separate blog post.

Though traditionally, ricotta salata is made from sheep's milk; traditions, for the most part, suck (i.e. female castration and baseball).  So, I'm going with what I can get.  Goat's milk.

840 mL for 5,400 won at E-Mart
I made some ricotta according to the recipe I used in my other post and mixed in two heaping spoonfuls of cow's milk ricotta because I wanted enough to fill the mold I made.  The goat's milk didn't make quite enough on its own.

How to Make a Cheese Mold
Find a container that has the following:
  • sides perpendicular to the bottom like a tube or box, not too much slanting
  • shape that you want for your cheese
  • easy to puncture skin (i.e. semi-disposable containers like the ones made by Ziploc)
I found a set of three containers at Daiso.  The sides of the container weren't perfectly perpendicular to the bottom.  They have kind of taper, but forgiveness came with the 1,000 won price tag.

In addition to the containers, you'll need something to puncture it.  I found that these wine openers worked perfectly.  I also tried using a screwdriver, nails, blackhead remover (ew, I know), earrings...

Don't they look like they're dancing?
Starting from the bottom of the container, start puncturing out a pattern.  It might be helpful to draw little dots to help guide you as you poke.  It's important to poke out from inside of the container to the outside otherwise you'll end up with scratched up cheese.

 You can also use a Philips screwdriver (hopefully not as rusty as mine).

Noel is not a hand model.
When you're finished, you'll end up with something like this:

Next, I lined the cheese mold with cheese cloth.  You can use any fine-weave material.  I've used a scarf before.  Fill it up with your ricotta.  Before pressing the cheese, give the ricotta a good squeeze to try and get out as much as whey as possible before resorting to the press.

Neatly fold the cheesecloth over the ricotta.  This affects how the cheese will be molded so try to fold evenly so that the cloth won't imprint too many strange dents into the cheese.

If you have more than one of the same container from buying them in a set like I did, you can use an identical container to press the cheese by placing it on top of the cheese directly without a lid.

If you don't have an identical container, you'll just need something that will fit right into the inside of the container so that it can press the cheese.  I've seen people use plastic or metal sink drainers, which would save you the trouble of poking a million little holes into a plastic container with a rusty screwdriver.  *Updated: I wrote a post about using these, here.

When you weight the cheese press, use 25+ pounds (11+ kg) of weight.  Put a plate under the cheese for the excess whey to drip off into.  Do this for one hour on one side then flip, and weight it for 12 hours to overnight on the other side.

This is what your cheese will look like the next day.  From now on, the cheese needs to be stored in the refrigerator to age with the lid on.

Over the next week, you'll need to take it out of the refrigerator daily, and salt it by gently rubbing the outside with coarse salt.  Each time you take the cheese out, flip it.  Wipe off any moisture, and if any mold grows on it, just scrape it off.

After of week of lovingly salting and flipping your cheese baby, let it age for at least one more week up to 3 weeks.  I took mine out occasionally to flip it so it wouldn't dry out.  I let mine age for the minimum of one week because I couldn't wait.

To commemorate my first pressed cheese, I made pasta from scratch and cooked up some linguine primavera topped with ricotta salata.

Then I made some ricotta salata ravioli with it.

Next, I'm trying ricotta salata with cow's milk and fresh herbs.


  1. Love the post and the blog and the pics...but BASEBALL DOESN'T SUCK!!! I dare you to watch a duel between a premier pitcher and a premiere hitter, pitch-by-pitch, and repeat that nonsense.

    You're better than that. It's akin to me saying cheese is horrible because of Velveeta.




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